Eravikulam National Park
Eravikulam National Park was declared a sanctuary in 1975 to protect the popoulation of Nilgiri Tahr, an endangered species of mountain goat, which is also the state animal of Tamil Nadu. It was subsequently made a national park in 1978 considering its ecological importance. Anaimudi, the highest peak south of the Himalayas is on the southern part of this park. The national park is home to (apart from the Nilgiri Tahr) Gaur, Sloth Bear, Nilgiri Langur, Tiger, Leopard, Giant Squirrel and wild dog. Panthers and Wild Civet can also be spotted.
Rajamalai is the tourism zone of the National Park, where the visitors are taken in forest dept vehicles and introduced to the shola - grassland eco system unique to this region. There is a very informative interpretation centre at Rajamalai. A protected area, the sanctuary is divided into three regions - the core area, the buffer area and the tourism area. Visitors are allowed only to the tourism area - Rajamalai - the region lying beyond the road entry into Eravikulam. Here one can observe the Nilgiri Tahr at close quarters.